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General

Annual European Union greenhouse gases report (GEN – 913.00)

04 June 2018

2 min read
European Policy
General

Annual European Union greenhouse gases report (GEN – 913.00)

04 June 2018

2 min read

GEN – 913.00. The European Environment Agency has published its Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2016 and inventory report 2018. The report shows a 0.6% decrease of greenhouse gases emissions (-27 million tonnes CO2 equivalent) between 2015 and 2016 for a total of 4,300 million tonnes CO2 equivalent. Since 1990, the EU has reduced its net GHG emissions by 24% (-1,356 million tonnes CO2 equivalents), surpassing its 20% reduction target by 2020.

Background 

The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years between 1990 and the current calendar year. The report is the official inventory submission of the European Union for 2018 under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol (KP). 

Reduction

The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions over the 26-year period was due to a variety of factors, including the growing share in the use of renewables, the use of less carbon intensive fuels and improvements in energy efficiency. As far as industrial sectors are concerned, lower emissions are explained by improved efficiency and carbon intensity as well as structural changes in the economy, with a higher share of services and a lower share of more-energy-intensive industry in total GDP.

Demand for energy to heat households has also been lower, as Europe on average has experienced milder winters since 1990, which has also helped reduce emissions. 

In the category “commercial/institutional” there has been a decrease in emissions.

Increase

The report shows that two sectors did increase emissions between 1990 and 2016:

  • Road transport: 163Million tonnes (CO2 equivalents)
  • Refrigeration and air conditioning:  97 Million tonnes (CO2 equivalents)

Recommended Actions

Manufacturers that are dealing with products that emit greenhouse gases may find it useful to have a look at the report. It gives some orientation towards possible future developments.

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